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How To do "Man in Middle" Attack using Ettercap

"Man in Middle" Attack is a form of active eavesdropping in which the attacker makes independent connections with the victims and relays messages between them, making them believe that they are talking directly to each other over a private connection when in fact the entire conversation is controlled by the attacker. The attacker must be able to intercept all messages going between the two victims and inject new and modified messages to one or both of them, which is straightforward in many circumstances (for example, an attacker within reception range of an unencrypted Wi-Fi wireless access point, can insert himself as a man-in-the-middle). example in form of picture is shown below.

 
Ettercap is a suite for man in the middle attacks on LAN. It features sniffing of live connections, content filtering on the fly and many other interesting tricks. It supports active and passive dissection of many protocols (even ciphered ones) and includes many feature for network and host analysis.

Installation: OpenSuSe 11.1 user can use "1-click" installer to install Ettercap - Here

Running Ettercap:You need to select a user interface (no default) using -T for Text only, -C for the Ncurses based GUI, or -G for the nice GTK2 interface (e.g) - # ettercap -G

Open Ettercap in graphical mode: # ettercap -G


Select the sniff mode: Sniff Unified sniffing and Scan for host inside your subnet Hosts Scan for hosts


See the MAC and  IP addresses of the hosts inside your subnet: Hosts Hosts List, from this list Select the machines to poison

We chose to ARP poison only the windows machine 192.168.1.2 and the router 192.168.1.1.
Highlight the line containing 192.168.1.1 and click on the "target 1" button.
Highlight the line containing 192.168.1.2 and click on the "target 2" button.


Start the ARP poisoning: Mitm Arp poisoning and start the sniffer to see the activities


ARP TRAFFIC before the poisoning:
As you can see that the router and the Windows machine send an ARP broadcast to find the MAC address of the other.

No
1
2
3
4
Source
11:22:33:44:55:66
11:22:33:44:11:11
11:22:33:44:11:11
11:22:33:44:55:66
Destination
11:22:33:44:11:11
11:22:33:44:55:66
11:22:33:44:55:66
11:22:33:44:11:11
Prot
ARP
ARP
ARP
ARP
Info
who has 192.168.1.1? Tell 192.168.1.2
192.168.1.1 is at 11:22:33:44:11:11
who has 192.168.1.2? Tell 192.168.1.1
192.168.1.2 is at 11:22:33:44:55:66

ARP TRAFFIC after the poisoning
The router ARP broadcast request is answered by the Windows machine similarly than in the previous capture.

The difference between the two steps comes from the fact that there is no request coming from Windows (192.168.1.2) to find the MAC address associated to the router (192.168.1.1) because the poisoner continuously sends ARP packets telling the Windows machine that 192.168.1.1 is associated to his own MAC address (11:22:33:44:99:99) instead of the router MAC address (11:22:33:44:11:11).

No
1
2
3
4
Source
11:22:33:44:11:11
11:22:33:44:55:66
11:22:33:44:99:99
11:22:33:44:99:99
Destination
11:22:33:44:55:66
11:22:33:44:11:11
11:22:33:44:55:66
11:22:33:44:55:66
Prot
ARP
ARP
ARP
ARP
Info
who has 192.168.1.2? Tell 192.168.1.1
192.168.1.2 is at 11:22:33:44:55:66
192.168.1.1 is at 11:22:33:44:99:99
192.168.1.1 is at 11:22:33:44:99:99


6 comments:

Pradeep Nayak said...

Have you tried Aircrack..It is more powerful:-)

Anonymous said...

y u no select sniff remote connections?

Sam.Bazargan said...

Every MITM example I've seen is how actually how to ARP Poison. To accomplish a successful MITM attack you need to be able to satisfy your targets' requests (be able to forward traffic), otherwise it would result in a DOS attack. I've been looking at the IPTABLES utility in Linux, to forward traffic, but have not yet been able to successfully implement MITM.

Anonymous said...

This arp poisoning aircrack is a wep or wpa password cracking tool get it right son t(-.-t)

Anonymous said...

thank for your explain about MITM with ettercap, i ask permission to copy this article in my blog

Jose Tapia said...

Excelent info thanks :)

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