Ubuntu is a free operating system that can be used on desktop PCs, notebooks, work/business PCs as well as other devices that support either the x86 CPU or ARM CPUs (beginning with version 9.04, previous versions only supported x86). It is a version of Linux that includes a graphical desktop.
Often the case (and especially) when it comes out a new version of Ubuntu, that repositories from which we tend to download software are highly saturated. If you want to download and install the software more quickly, we will have to modify the list of repositories.
There is an option to Synaptic, which allows us to select a server closest to our region. To change this to a server closest go to System> Administration> Origins of software under the tab "Software Ubuntu", choose "download".
Install the software basics of compilation
If you want to compile some of the package that only have the source code, in this case we need to install packages basic Basic compilation:
sudo aptitude install build-essential
Installing the extra restrictive.
There are certain packages that do not come by default in Ubuntu for legal issues. for example, may be the plug-in flash, or codecs to be able to play some video formats. There is a metapackage (a package that includes many more packages and installs) called ubuntu-restricted-extras that can install all the required restricted packages.
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Repository for mediubuntu Jaunty Jackalope
Mediubuntu is a repository where we can find some applications and codecs that are not installed by default. We can add to the list of repositories from command terminal:
sudo wget http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/jaunty.list -O /etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install libdvdread3
For i386 -- sudo apt-get install w32codecs
For amd64 -- sudo apt-get install w64codecs
For ppc -- sudo apt-get install-ppc codecs
Install VLC, Smplayer and Mplayer with all codecs and DVD support
sudo apt-get install vlc
sudo apt-get install smplayer
sudo apt-get install mplayer
Install Flash Player Plugin
sudo apt-get install flashplugin-nonfree libflashsupport
sudo apt-get install mozilla-plugin-gnash