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ufw (Uncomplicated Firewall) setup and configuration in Ubuntu

The default firewall configuration tool for Ubuntu is ufw. Developed to ease iptables firewall configuration, ufw provides a user friendly way to create an IPv4 or IPv6 host-based firewall.

The following are some examples of how to use ufw:

First, ufw needs to be enabled. From a terminal prompt enter: sudo ufw enable
To open a port (ssh in this example): sudo ufw allow 22
Similarly, to close an opened port: sudo ufw deny 22
To remove a rule, use delete followed by the rule: sudo ufw delete deny 22
ufw can be disabled by: sudo ufw disable

It is also possible to allow access from specific hosts or networks to a port. The following example allows ssh access from host 192.168.0.2 to any ip address on this host:

sudo ufw allow proto tcp from 192.168.0.2 to any port 22


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